Pan de Muerto

Pan de Muerto

This week, I wanted to bake something for what has become one of my favorite holidays: Day of the Dead, or Dia de los Muertos.  While Day of the Dead is not a part of my cultural heritage, I love the concept of the holiday.  Rather than mourning the loss of loved ones and wallowing in sadness, the focus of Day of the Dead is to celebrate those who are no longer with us and invite their souls to visit.  It’s actually a two-day holiday that happens on November 1 and 2.  The first day celebrates children and infants, and the second day celebrates adults.  Families create altars, or ofrendas, which hold pictures of the deceased loved ones, as well as favorite items and foods, candles to light their way, and glasses of water to quench their thirst.  Other traditional elements include marigolds, tissue paper decorations (papel picado), and the ubiquitous sugar skull.  I incorporate the elements that are most meaningful to my family in my personal celebration, but this year I wanted to try something a bit more traditional and make pan de muerto.

Pan de muerto is a sweet bread that is traditionally eaten during the celebration.  I used this recipe from The Spruce, which incorporates orange zest and anise (or fennel) seeds.  I basically followed the recipe almost exactly, so I’m not going to include my own PDF recipe here.  The only change I made was to use vanilla sugar instead of plain granulated sugar in the dough and on top of the bread.  The bread has a lovely flavor on its own, so it’s really an unnecessary step, but I liked the hint of vanilla that the vanilla sugar added.  I’ve never seen it anywhere for sale, but it is quite easy to make (though it does take time).  All you have to do is put some used vanilla beans in an airtight container with some granulated sugar and let it sit.  Shake it from time to time and break up any clumps before use.  Easy.

I did make a bit of a blunder in shaping the bread’s decorations, as it’s something I’ve never done before.  At first, I formed 4 pieces of dough into bone shapes and put them on top of the round loaf.  The dough bones looked too fat, so I split them in half and made 8 dough bones instead (there are pictures of this later, so you don’t have to mentally visualize it).  They looked alright, if not quite right, before the bread rose, but after rising, it was apparent that this loaf was not going to look quite how it was supposed to.  When I went back to reference images, I realized that most people make bone pieces long enough to drape across the whole loaf and cross them at the top (oops).  I’ll definitely try that next time in the hopes of achieving a more authentic presentation.

One other thing I would like to note is that the recipe as written makes a LARGE loaf.  My leftovers are currently split between three gallon storage bags.  You can easily halve the recipe if you don’t want that much bread, or you can split the dough into two or four to make smaller loaves.  Smaller loaves are likely to bake faster, so make sure to account for that and keep an eye on your bread while it’s baking.

You will need the following ingredients:

For the bread:

Pan de Muerto Ingredients

  • 4 oz. (one stick) unsalted butter, softened
  • ¾ cup granulated sugar (I used homemade vanilla sugar)
  • 3 tsp. fennel/anise seeds
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • 6 cups bread flour
  • 4 large eggs, at room temperature
  • 1¼ cups lukewarm water (no warmer than 110°F)
  • 2 Tbsp. grated orange zest (this took about two large oranges)
  • 2 packets (4½ tsp.) fast-acting yeast
  • ½ cup orange juice for the glaze
  • ¾ granulated sugar for the glaze, plus more for finishing

Let’s get baking!

In a large bowl, mix together the butter, sugar, fennel seeds, salt, and ½ cup of the flour.  I started doing this with a wooden spoon, then switched to a hand mixer, then just used my bare hands, so use whatever works for you.  This part is a lot more like making cookie dough than bread dough, in my experience so far.

Creamed Butter and Sugar

In a separate bowl, gently beat together the eggs, water, and orange zest.  I heated the water in a Pyrex measuring cup in the microwave, then added the eggs and orange zest to the water and mixed it all with a fork.

Egg Mixture

Add the egg mixture to the butter mixture along with an additional ½ cup of flour (we’re up to one out of six cups now).  Mix until all of the lumps are broken up.

Pan de Muerto Wet Ingredients

Stir in the yeast and another ½ cup of flour.

Pan de Muerto Wet Ingredients with Yeast

Stir in the remaining 4½ cups of flour, 1 cup at a time, until a soft dough forms.  You may want to switch to mixing with your hands if you are having trouble using a spoon or electric mixer.

Pan de Muerto Dough Before Kneading

Knead the dough on a well-floured surface for about a minute.  You should feel it become firmer and more elastic in that time.

Pan de Muerto Dough After Kneading

The directions didn’t say to do this, but I put the dough in a greased bowl, turning it once to coat both sides, to rise.  It was cold in my apartment on baking day, so I turned my oven on to 200°F, then turned it off and put the bread inside to rise (covered with a damp towel, as directed) for an 1½ hours.

Pan de Muerto Dough Risen

When the dough has become enormous, punch it down and separate off approximately ¼ of it (or separate it into however many portions you would like if you are making smaller loaves).

Dough Separated for Decorations

Form the remaining dough into a semi-sphere (or a domed circle, if that’s more your speed) and transfer it to a parchment-lined baking sheet.  This loaf would have been too big for my regular rimmed cookie sheets, so keep that in mind if you want to make a large loaf like this.

Dough Semisphere

Divide the reserved dough portion into four pieces and one small piece (for the ball on top of the loaf).

Decoration Dough Pieces

Form the dough pieces into shapes vaguely reminiscent of bones and drape them across the top of the loaf (as I mentioned earlier, I made eight smaller bones pieces and didn’t like how they turned out, so that’s why my pictures don’t quite reflect my instructions here).

Pan de Muerto with Decorations

Cover your loaf with a damp dish towel and leave it to rise in a warm place for another hour.  Towards the end of the rising time, preheat your oven to 350°F.  [If you’re proofing your dough in there, be sure to take it out before you start preheating!]

Pan de Muerto Loaf Risen

Bake the bread for about 40 minutes, or until it reaches an internal temperature of 200°F on an instant-read thermometer (I use one like this) and the top is well-browned.  Apparently I forgot to take a picture of my bread when it came out of the oven, but you should be able to get the idea from this picture of the glazed loaf.

Glazed Pan de Muerto

Leave the bread to cool completely on a cooling rack.

When your bread is cool, prepare the glaze.  All you have to do is whisk together the orange juice and sugar in a small saucepan and bring the mixture to a boil, whisking it occasionally to make sure nothing is sticking to the bottom of the pan.  Keep an eye on this, because it boils over QUICK, and you don’t want to be cleaning sticky orange glaze out from under your stove top like SOME people around here…

Once the syrup boils, remove it from the heat and brush it all over your bread.

Glazed Pan de Muerto

For a finishing touch, sprinkle granulated sugar all over the bread.  Slice and serve in large wedges, and store leftovers in an airtight container.


Finished Pan de Muerto


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